INFORMATION BRIEF

General Information on Plant Variety Rights

COUNTRY PLANT VARIETY APPLICATIONS LAW ANNUITIES PROTECTION TERM
Algeria Law no. 05-03 relating to seeds, plants and the protection of plant variety was issued on February 6, 2005. However, there are no formalities adopted yet for filing or renewing such applications.
Bahrain Not possible
Cyprus Possible Law no. 21(I)/2004 The implementing regulations of Law 21(I)/2004 have still not been issued yet.
Egypt Possible Law no. 82/2002 A maintenance fee is due annually and should be paid within a period not exceeding three months from the date of the grant of the certificate 25 years from date of grant for trees and grapevines, and 20 years for other agricultural products
India Possible The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act of 2001 25 years from date of grant
Iran Possible The Plant Varieties Registration, Control and Certification of Seeds & Seedlings Act of 2003 18 years from the date of grant
Iraq Not possible
Jordan Possible Law no. 24/2000 A maintenance fee is due annually and is payable during the first 4 months of each year following the year during which the plant variety is granted 25 years from date of filing for trees and grapevines, and 20 years for other agricultural products
Kuwait It is not possible to protect plant variety (except microbiology) as patents (Law no.03/2001)
Lebanon Plant Varity Rights may be protected as patent applications under Patent Law no. 240/2000
Libya Not possible
Morocco Possible Law no. 9/1994 A maintenance fee is due annually on the anniversary of the date of grant 20 years from date of grant for species of great culture, and 25 years for species of arboriculture and vine
Oman Not possible (Law no. 49/2009 for the protection of plant variety rights was issued on August 30, 2009. However, there are no formalities adopted yet for filing or renewing such applications.)
Qatar Not possible
Saudi Arabia Possible Law on Patents, Layout Design of Integrated Circuits, Plant Varieties and Industrial Designs (came into effect by Royal Decree No. 27/M dated 17.7.2004) A maintenance fee is due annually and is payable during the first 3 months of each year following the year the plant variety application was filed with a further grace period of 3 months (April-June) with payment of a surcharge 25 years from date of filing for trees and grapevines, and 20 years for other agricultural products
Sudan Not possible
Syria Not possible
Tunisia Possible Law no. 99-42 / 1999 New plant variety certificates shall be subject to the payment of an annual fee of which the amount and conditions of payment and utilization shall be laid down by a Decree The breeders' rights shall subsist for 20 years for ordinary varieties and for 25 years for varieties where development of the production elements necessitates longer timescales. Those periods shall begin to run as from the grant of the new plant variety certificate
Turkey Possible Law no. 5042 A maintenance fee is due annually and is payable in January of each year following the date of grant 25 years from the date of grant for ornamentals, vegetables, and field crops, and 30 years from the date of grant for trees, vines, and potatoes
United Arab Emirates Possible Law no. 17 / 2009 The implementing regulations of Law 17/2009 have still not been issued yet
Yemen Not possible